8. Traditional method of irrigation are cheaper but less efficient.Pumps are commonly used for lifting water.These pumps run by electricity,diesel,biogas or solar energy. Types of Irrigation Surface Irrigation. In India, There are Four Traditional Methods of Irrigation. It is often used in horticulture. Furrow irrigation is very prominent in crops planted in rows. Sprinkler Irrigation. It is done in areas having scarcity of water. Over many millennia, India has been an agricultural country. To know more on aspects of irrigation, visit Vedantu today. What are the Four Traditional Methods of Irrigation? Traditional Methods of Irrigation: Most of the farmers use surface irrigation. So Rahat system of irrigation uses animal labour. Agriculturists have stated that despite newer technologies like drip and sprinkler systems, furrow irrigation remains the best bet among both traditional and modern methods of irrigation.  It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. A raised platform, usually made of clay or concrete, is created very close to where these trees are. What Type of Irrigation Method is Pot Irrigation? have utilized this form of irrigation to grow their crops. Let us know more in detail about the Traditional Methods of Irrigation and their types. 2. They are then connected with drains. Traditional methods of irrigation are the oldest method used in the earlier years., which are more affordable, efficient than the modern methods. It prevents soil erosion as the rainwater stays in the basin. This method of traditional irrigation is not used for growing crops. This is how water from the lakes, wells, and canals is carried to irrigate the fields. Your email address will not be published. They are the Following. Statistics suggest that more than 50% of the combined workforce is engaged in some form of agriculture. It is the best method of irrigation for leveled fields. It does not require any technical knowledge. The structure of the land determines the size of the strips. Moat. The modern methods of irrigation are more effective systems of irrigation, developed in modern decades. 4. 3. You can also join live classes right away. View Modern And Traditional Methods Of Irrigation PPTs online, safely and virus-free! Some of these methods of irrigation are still followed today. It is widely accepted that furrow irrigation is ideal for such purposes. Bamboo drip irrigation: This irrigation method is a perfect specimen of a traditional farmer’s skill and resourcefulness in agriculture. It has lesser economic investment. This form of traditional irrigation has been around for centuries. The water is delivered to the field via a ditch, a water pipe, or a similar source where water flow is present. What are Some Types of Modern Irrigation? The traditional methods are cheaper and require less labour, but are quite inefficient. Ans. They are basin, check basin, furrow and strip irrigation. In India, sprinkler, pot and drip irrigation methods are rapidly being used to save resources while also ensuring a steady supply of water to arable land. Also called the pulley system, it involves pulling up water from a well or other such source to … In this system, water is applied to each plant through a network of pipes under low pressure. The modern methods of irrigation help us to use water economically without wastage. The water from upstream storage reservoirs or diversion dams is carried through canals to field distributaries. Plus, it also guards against soil erosion. The use of basin irrigation is on the decline since there have been reports of too much water-loss while irrigating smaller tracts. Irrigation mainly refers to the application of the required amount of water to plants at required intervals. Vedantu academic counsellor will be calling you shortly for your Online Counselling session. This type of inexpensive irrigation also requires minimal maintenance or investment. In this method, rain water stays in basins, hence soil erosion is not caused. Methods of irrigation is an important portion in hydraulics. Here, the farmland is divided into a number of strips. Sorry!, This page is not available for now to bookmark. Irrigation is the method in which water is supplied to plants at regular intervals for agriculture.Additionally, irrigation also has a few other uses in crop production, which include protecting plants against frost,suppressing weed growth in grain fields and preventing soil consolidation Drains are then dug so that they can receive water. While sprinkler systems originated in Western countries where groundwater levels were low, it has subsequently spread across the world due to its efficiency. Moat. To explore more about Traditional Methods of Irrigation, or any other related topics, please register at BYJU’S. Flood irrigation method Flood irrigation has been around since the ancient years. … Methods of Irrigation. Crop… There are two methods of irrigation: Modern Methods of Irrigation and Traditional Methods of Irrigation. Each of these methods is suited for particular crops and land-types. 2. The traditional methods of irrigation include the following: Check Basin Method Furrow Irrigation Method Strip Irrigation Method Basin Irrigation Method Subsurface irrigation is again divided into natural sub-irrigation and artificial sub-irrigation. It is not a traditional method. The Greeks, the Chinese, the Romans, etc. These old irrigation methods are not yet obsolete. SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD  Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. Instead, it is used to irrigate rows of bushes and taller trees. It is quite simple. This method is more useful in soils having lesser infiltration. Since olden times, farmers of Meghalaya who mostly follow traditional farming methods have been utilizing an indigenous, traditional irrigation method of bamboo drip irrigation system to water their crops. An ox or cow would turn the wheel to draw the water from the well. The traditional methods of irrigation include the following: It is one of the best methods of irrigation for levelled fields. Also chances of water loss while carrying is high. DIY task for advanced students: You can determine which of these traditional irrigation methods consume or waste the maximum water. Food Preservation Methods - Food Poisoning, Vedantu The farming land is divided into a number of basins, each of which is connected via a mini-drain. Such a method requires minimal investment and labour. In this system, no irrigation pump is involved. Above the well, we tie a large wheel. The fields are divided into strips of different sizes. 1. It is an easy irrigation method and requires less labour. In its second chapter, the study focuses on the traditional irrigation techniques that depend on different sources of water, for example spring water or floodwater, and on local topography. Instead, it is … Check basin irrigation is used mostly after monsoons, when the basin is full. The topmost place in the field is the main source of water. Vast chunks of India’s farms use these methods to ensure proper seed germination, better yield of crops and accelerated growth of food crops. The field is divided into basins according to the water capacity. 3. Water is stored on the highest point of the land. A small drain connects the basin. This method of traditional irrigation is not used for growing crops. The traditional method of irrigation in Asia is by gravity water flow. 5. 1. In this paper efforts have been made to present the basics of different irrigation systems adapted by the Indian farmers to grow their crops. Instead, it is used to irrigate rows of bushes and taller trees. Pro Lite, Vedantu However, a lot of water is wasted in this method. Traditional methods of irrigation often include pulley systems that are used to deliver water to soil, vegetation, flowers, and/or other forms of plant life. It is comparatively cheap but is labour-intensive. This type has multiple sub-types including corrugated, contour and sloppy furrow. These conventional methods of irrigation also waste less water and are environment-friendly. Places having maximum temperature where crops might get destroyed, sprinkler irrigation method maintains humid environment for the crops. Also called the pulley system, it involves pulling up water from a well or other such source to … This method is useful for irrigating trees and bushes and not suitable for crops. Traditional irrigation method is characterized by low-input husbandry, whereas modern irrigation method is … Advantages of Traditional Methods of Irrigation: 1. Drip Irrigation. Therefore, modern methods of irrigation are implemented for better yields. It is a relatively modern and scientific method. Find out why soil erosion is so dangerous. Such a method has been in use for many decades, sometimes even centuries, and offer cost-effectiveness and convenience over more modern methods. Pro Lite, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. If the furrow is filled, there is no need to provide water again. 2 See answers Brainly User Brainly User This method can vary in different regions. Main advantage of this method is that it is cheap but efficiency is poor because even distribution of water is not always possible. This method does not require any technique. Drains are then dug so that they can receive water. Surface methods include flooding and furrow irrigation, as well as basins around trees and shrubs. India is also one of the leading exporters of cereals, grains and dry fruits to several countries. It irrigates more area. A raised platform, usually made of clay or concrete, is created very close to where these trees are. Also, it is rather inexpensive. This method can vary in different regions. Subsurface irrigation is again divided into natural sub-irrigation and artificial sub-irrigation. Micro-irrigation, sometimes called localized irrigation, low volume irrigation, or trickle irrigation is a system where water is distributed under low pressure through a piped network, in a pre-determined pattern, and applied as a small discharge to each plant or adjacent to it. Food crops planted in large areas get a huge amount of water by this method. What is Traditional Method of Irrigation? It is widely practised in Jaintia hills, Meghalaya, where the hilly terrains are steep and the soil has poor conditions for farming. Basin Irrigation This method of traditional irrigation is not used for growing crops. Download the Vedantu app to gain insights on topics allied to agriculture or any other chapter of Biology. 7. ‘Dol’ (meaning: to sprout) is formed along the sides of the rows and the water flows between two ‘Dols’. Also Refer: Agriculture & Agricultural Practices. Pro Lite, Vedantu Many are downloadable. This type can also lead to better irrigation of larger tracts of land. Ans. 3. In this process of drip irrigation, the water drops fall on the root of every plant that is … It is necessary for both farming and increasing the yield from the farm. When is irrigation more required Irrigation of crops is higher in summer due to the increase in the rate of evaporation of water from the soil and the leaves. Your email address will not be published. Ans. A raised platform is created around the trees and bushes. Traditional irrigation method tolerated the unpredictable environment better than modern irrigation method that relies heavily on modern procedures and equipment. Localized Irrigation. Each of these sub-types is specialised for certain kinds of crops or land-types. Apart from providing water, irrigation also benefits by providing the moisture for the germination of seeds, makes the soil more fertile and facilitates proper growth and development. The length of each strip depends on the land’s angle of slope plus the location of the reservoir. The main advantage of this method is that it is cheap. Which Type is Best-Suited to Grow Flowers? When a pump is used to draw out water from a narrow well,it is called tube-well.They are used increasingly for lifting underground water to be used for irrigation in agriculture. Such strips are separated by a ‘med’, which means a boundary. A large area can be efficiently irrigated by this method. From there, these drains originate. 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Learn new and interesting things. 2. 6. Here, a farmer pulls out water from wells or canals by himself or using cattle and carries it to farming fields. There are mainly three methods- surface irrigation, subsurface irrigation and sprinkler irrigation. Get ideas for … Before selecting a particular method, the irrigation engineer must evaluate all the factors, and choose that method which is best suited to the local conditions. Confronted with such adverse conditions for irrigation, the traditional farmers of Meghalaya have come up with an innovative way that works. This method of irrigation consists in turning the water onto natural slopes without much control or prior preparation.… There are mainly three methods- surface irrigation, subsurface irrigation and sprinkler irrigation. The basin size is as per the water inflow. Among these, pump system is most common and used widely. Most of these problems have been largely overcome by traditional methods of irrigation. Visit the official website of the Central Ministry of Agriculture; you will get detailed reports on how many hectares of land are currently under cultivation, and other related data including irrigation method use. This data will also help you create first-class traditional methods of irrigation PPT. This method depends on water availability. Overhead or Sprinkler Irrigation: In this method an attempt is made to simulate natural rainfall. Required fields are marked *. Source of irrigation Water is provided from wells, tube wells, ponds, rivers, dams, canals Different Irrigation Methods Traditional Methods Why traditional methods of irrigation are cheaper, but less efficient? You can also write short notes on such erosion and show it to your friends and teachers. Despite these advantages, India has often faced hurdles in the form of low crop yield, untimely harvests, unpredictable monsoons and pest attacks. 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