R.A.F. The link between Britain and France still survives today in Norman Law, surnames and Guernesaise, the local language. 2020 Population of Guernsey. In the end, four-fifths of the children and almost half of Guernsey’s population were evacuated before the occupation. [2] The Mayor of Bolton had threatened the islands with another invasion after liberation, as so many Lancashire holidaymakers would want to see the islands about which they had heard so much. The essentials. [7] Teachers were told they were expected to travel with their children bringing assistants to help, mothers volunteered. [22]:146 Some who returned found the men whom they had left in the islands had formed a relationship with another woman. The withdrawal of cash from banks was limited to £20 per person. [23], Not all evacuees returned. That comes from data for the year up to the end of March 2018, gathered through the rolling electronic census which includes statistics from social security, income tax and other States departments. Although slow and limited, it kept vital contacts and reduced fear of the unknown. In 1941, negotiations allowed the International Red Cross message system, which was designed primarily for use by captured soldiers, to include civilians in the Channel Islands. Some mothers travelling with children whose husbands either stayed in the islands or had joined the armed services initially found attempts were made to take their children away as it was considered they could not possibly look after them with their husbands away. After the D-Day Normandy landings in 1944, the islands became cut off from the rest of Europe and food and fuel supplies dried up. [12]:33 This led to confusion and disorder, especially in Jersey where the authorities did not think it necessary to evacuate children, therefore it was safe for adults to stay. Little did the islanders imagine their homes would be under German occupation for five years, before liberation on 9 May 1945. Other primary schools managed to keep pupils together and established themselves in several small communities. [37]:214, Partial evacuation of British dependencies during WWII, Deportations from the German-occupied Channel Islands, Living with the enemy in the German-occupied Channel Islands, Resistance in the German-occupied Channel Islands, "The Experiences of Guernsey Evacuees in Northern England, 1940 – 1945", "The Bombing of Guernsey Harbour 28th June 1940", "Report of Service on the 29th day of June 1940", "The 'Evacuee Clubs' of Second World War Britain", "Delivering relief to the Channel Islands in the Second World War", "Guernsey evacuees and kind Canadians during the Second World War", "Eleanor Roosevelt: Foster Parent for World War II Refugees", Channel Islands Occupation Society (CIOS), Guernsey Grammar School and Sixth Form Centre, Policy and Resources Committee of Guernsey, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Evacuation_of_civilians_from_the_Channel_Islands_in_1940&oldid=985413900, Military history of the Channel Islands during World War II, German occupation of Jersey during World War II, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Forest and St Martin's Schools set up in Cheadle Hulme in Cheshire. Of the evacuees, there were 5,000 schoolchildren who left with their teachers, leaving their parents behind. However, not all messages were good since they included notices like "Baby Mary died last December." [2], Just because thousands had managed to cross the English Channel safely did not mean they would have a safe war. Others used empty shops as nothing else was available. [25], It was initially limited to 10 words per letter but was later changed to 25, which was the standard for lrisoners-of-wars. [23], The British hovernment had opened up an evacuation account for each of the bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey to which certain costs could be charged, such as the cost of the evacuation ships, rail travel and the education costs of children. Nowadays Guernsey, its capital St Peter Port and the smaller islands are a favourite tourist destination. Houses, cars and businesses were abandoned by those evacuating. On 19 June the Guernsey local paper published announcements that plans were well in hand to evacuate all the children from the island, telling parents to go to their schools that evening to register and to prepare to send the children away the next day. 5621230. However by the end of December, a life saving Red Cross ship, the SS Vega, docked at St Peter Port with much needed supplies and was to make several more trips up to May 1945. Only 1,000 evacuated with 67 teachers, many travelling with their parents, the remaining 4,500 would remain for the occupation with 140 teachers. The bomb damage was mainly to the harbour where lorries loaded with tomatoes for export were lined up, 34 people died. [2], Children who had not seen their parents for five years often did not recognise them. Many reminders of the German occupation remain. [4]:50 The "Channel Islands had been demilitarised and declared... 'an open town'...",[5] without telling anyone, until after the islands had been bombed on 28 June, as the British government did not want to invite the Germans to take the islands. • With zero migration, Guernsey’s population would decline to just fewer than 45,000 (i.e. Up to the year 1940 the main source of income was from the specialised growing of tomatoes. The Methodist church tried to keep track of their island members in England; introduce them English Methodists and to provide them with advice, some money, winter clothing and employment. Aurigny (aurigny.com) flies from London Gatwick to Guernsey from £100 return. Some certainly did, however it came as a surprise to find out later that others had decided not to leave or who were barred from entering the United Kingdom, because they were "aliens", resulted in around 20 people the Germans would define as "Jewish" becoming trapped in the islands. [6]:1 Some schools asking that the child and their suitcase be brought so it could be checked. GUERNSEY’S population has risen by 242 to 62,307, according to the latest electronic census data. On 11 June, the British War Cabinet considered that Hitler might occupy the Channel Islands to “strike a blow at our prestige by the temporary occupation of British territory”. The meetings of families could be equally traumatic, with wives and husbands meeting again for the first time in five years and discovering they had lived very different lives and had difficulty talking about them. [6]:15, Some of the Channel Island children, like some of the 1,500,000 British children[6]:ii that were evacuated from cities in 1939, would suffer mistreatment and abuse, physical, mental and sexual. Only a few people were put under pressure to either evacuate or stay, often due to their important jobs. Guernsey's population goes up again The latest estimates puts Guernsey's population at 62,307 people - which is up 242 compared to the year before. Alderney celebrates Homecoming Day on December 15th. Deemed of little strategic importance by the British, the islands were not to be defended and in the preceding 10 days some 17,000 civilians had been evacuated, mostly to England. [13]:139 The regular cargo boats and ferries were asked to resume normal service and six evacuation ships were sent to Alderney on 23 June,[14]:13 where previous ships had docked and left almost empty of passengers. Those who had been evacuated were told that it was tougher in the islands. [2] Islanders serving in the forces would attend meetings when possible.[23]. Marshal Philippe Pétain requested an armistice on 17 June and on 19 June nearby Cherbourg was captured by German forces. A generous gift from the British government of £3,300,000 was used to recompense islanders who had suffered losses and the cost of maintaining the evacuees, estimated at £1,000,000, was written off by the British government. German Military Underground Hospital Rue Des Buttes, St Andrews. [30]:172–182, Many Islanders had emigrated to Canada over the years and got together to help their homeland evacuees. The materials and effort spent on the Atlantic Wall was totally disproportionate to the strategic importance of the islands but Hitler was convinced that the British would try to recapture them. [15] A similar attack occurred in Jersey where nine died. External Bailiwick Express. Historic UK says, “Inhabited since prehistory, it became part of the Duchy of Normandy in the 10th century. Evacuation ships stopped on 23 June,[10]:82 when ships sailed for England empty. Some locked their front doors, some did not, reasoning that someone would break the door to get in anyway. Copyright © Historic UK Ltd. Company Registered in England No. 25 ships took people from Guernsey on 21 June alone,[10]:82 ships like the SS Viking, built in 1905, and which served as HMS Vindex until 1918. The Review included a collection of articles and poetry relevant to Channel Island people and personal comments received from Red Cross messages that might affect other islanders, such as births, marriages and deaths and greeting messages. One, Paulette, was a Guernsey evacuee who referred to her as "Auntie Eleanor who lived in the White House". [28]:33, The Stockport and District Society was founded in January 1941, when 250 prospective members attended the first meeting. [2] The adults who had stayed in the islands looked old, tired and thin and wore old clothes. Lewis machine guns on the ships opened fire, to no visible effect. Nowadays Guernsey, its capital St Peter Port and the smaller islands are a favourite tourist destination. Not knowing that on 15 June the British Army commanders had decided the Channel Islands were not defensible, the islanders were surprised to see the resident army units quickly depart on ships, with all of their equipment, the islands were being abandoned. Channel Island Community Website: www.islandlife.org, All photographs © States of Guernsey Tourist Board. Most civilians who were evacuated went to England. units moved from Dinard in France to Jersey on 15 June, No. Guernsey populated areas in red, dark red higher. This fi L h Guernsey Annual Electronic Census Report, published on 31st January 2019, provides informa on on the popula on of Guernsey (including the islands of Guernsey, Herm, Lihou and Jethou). [32], A "Foster Parent Plan for Children Affected by War" was originally created in 1937 to help children in the Spanish Civil War, with Americans adopting a child and providing money for education and clothing. The evacuation of civilians from the Channel Islands in 1940 was an organised, partial, nautical evacuation of Crown dependencies in the Channel Islands, primarily from Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney to England during World War II. In Jersey, where the school children were on two weeks holiday to help with the potato harvest, everyone who wished to leave was asked to register, queues quickly appeared, with 23,000 eventually registering. [6]:47 Eighteen ships sailed on 21 June from Jersey including the SS Shepperton Ferry carrying military stores and 400 evacuees. An … [1] Some children and families kept contact, and many held fond memories and grateful thanks for the northern people who showed so much kindness. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The Islands of Guernsey are what’s known as an ‘archipelago’ – a collection of islands located on the English Channel between England and France. Every year islanders celebrate their freedom on Liberation Day, 9th May, a public Bank Holiday. Life became steadily worse with both the occupying forces and islanders suffering from starvation. [8]:193 Amongst those who stayed were a number from the Castel school, who through a misunderstanding about the boat departure time, missed the sailing. There were concerns over helping Channel Island private schools with their costs, as British private schools received no help when evacuated from cities. Of the population of 40,000, 17,000 were evacuated to England. [23], In London, 20 Upper Grosvenor Street was the contact address for islanders, provided a legal bureau and held records for 30,000 Channel Islanders who could be found. There are stories of extorting child labour, stealing the rations of the children, beatings, etc., but they were in the minority, and most were rescued by inspectors. People in the North of England generally rallied to help the evacuees. Some mothers with little ones decided to leave at the same time. During 1940 – 1945, the islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops and huge numbers of defensive positions were built as part of Hitler’s Atlantic Wall. The island authorities assumed that all locals who particularly feared a German occupation would leave the islands, such as people of the Jewish faith. The occupation began on the 30th of June, 1940, when the British Government decided to demilitarise the Channel Islands, effectively leaving them undefended. The closeness of Guernsey to Cherbourg left it wide open to attack by both sea and air. [2] If children or families had relatives in the UK, they tended to drift, with their single suitcase of belongings to them, to seek assistance. At Europe Map 1940 pagepage, view political map of Europe, physical map, country maps, satellite images photos and where is Europe location in World map. People began to return in July and August 1945, with some children taking their northern accents with them. Guernsey Population: 67,052. In 1821 the population of Guernsey was 20,302 with over 50%, 11,173 living in St Peter Port. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. [23] Islanders were not shy in volunteering for Air Raid Precautions (ARP), Auxiliary Fire Service (AFS), Home Guard or Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) duties in their spare time. Originally intended as shelters for large numbers of troops, these tunnels are virtually complete. 1901 census 8. 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